There are four main types of writing: narrative, descriptive, explanatory, and argumentative. Each has a unique purpose. Some tell a story, others try to change minds. You use these four styles of writing to write different types of essays.
Narrative writing means that you are telling a story from a specific angle, and there is usually a reason for telling it. AllNarrative essaysIt has characters, a setting, a climax, and most importantly, a plot.
Whenwrite a narrative essay, brands:
- Add sensory and emotional details so the reader experiences the story, not just reads about it
- Let the story support the point you are making and relate to that point in the first sentence
- to writefirst or third person
Ready for some storytelling? Here are some sample snippets of narrative essays.
"Looking back on a childhood full of events and memories, it's pretty hard to choose one that leaves me with the legendary 'feelings warm and fuzzy'. As the daughter of an Air Force Major, I have had the pleasure of traveling across America on many exciting journeys. I've visited the monstrous trees of the Sequoia National Forest, stood on the rim of the Grand Canyon and jumped into the beds of Caesar's Palace in Lake Tahoe."
“Searching for homes should be a fun and engaging process. Unfortunately, none of the homes we saw seemed to live up to the specifications we had set ourselves. They were too small, too impersonal, too close to the neighbors. After days of not finding anything remotely, we began to search. Ask yourself: is there really a perfect house for us?”
"The day I picked my dog up from the kennel was one of the happiest days of our lives. I had just walked into the kennel a week earlier with the idea of just 'looking at' a puppy. You can't just look at a puppy anymore, those wavy little faces so full of hope and joy that you can keep the sun from going down at night I knew within minutes of walking in the door I was going to have a puppy . ...but it wasn't until I saw him that I knew I had found my dog."
The following is an example of a famous tale written byJohn Updike,Hub fans say goodbye to Kid.
"The afternoon got so gloomy that in the sixth inning the arc lights came on - always a faint sight during the day, like the lit floodlights of a funeral procession. Backed by the dark, Fisher cut off the Sox rookies and Williams hit No. in the seventh. He finished second in the eighth. This was almost certainly his last time at Fenway Park, and instead of just cheering like we had at his previous three appearances, we all stood and applauded.
descriptive essaysDescribe in minute detail the properties and characteristics of people, objects, events and feelings. What is described is questioned. For example, if you are describing roses, you might want to drill down:
- your origin
- How you look
- at her heart
- Your smell
When you write a descriptive essay, you want to appeal to the reader's senses and emotions. For example, you could say, "I was getting tired." Or you could write, "While I was waiting for Santa, my eyelids got heavy, the tree lights blurred, and my head started to sag." The second snippet provides vivid detail that reflects the Make readers feel like they're there.
Ready to dive into the details? Here are three snippets full of details.
"With its twisted feathers, its many scars, the old faithful owl chose the gnarled bough, weather-beaten but often firm -- as the wise man's companion alone with the night and the last bough creaking in the strongest wind. He he often, perished to survey the fields and clouds before his hunt, to hear the steady murmur of the brook running through the reeds beneath the bridge while combing his feathers for the unwanted—whatever it may be.
a student inRoane State Community Collegemanaged to spice up a first visit to a restaurant. See how things get descriptive.
“When you step through the front door of Lou's, two things immediately strike you: the place is rarely empty and it feels like a maze of rooms. The first room leading through the door is the main part of the restaurant. There is rarely another used dining room. Dining room on the right. It was added during the 1970s oil boom. Opposite the main dining room is another room; he guards the door that leads to the kitchen. In this room is the most coveted table in the place. Lou can grant anyone by granting them access to seats at this table. This table is the family table; it is reserved for Lou and his daughter Karen, immediate family and dear friends.”
Like the dinner rehearsal above, this sample excerpt from a student atState of St. Wolkegraces something as mundane as a local pawn shop.
“Billy Ray's lawn mower repair and pawn shop looked like a graveyard for the nation's auction waste. The bright red fuel tanks gleamed in front of the gas station, looking like cheap lipstick on the pale, crumpled sand of the parking lot. The yard, not much larger than General G. Patton High School's end zone on the north end of town, was framed by a rusty metal hedge of lawnmowers, banana bikes, and corroded oil drums, made of rusty parts but more like an orchestra of unwanted machines, the Billy Rays divided into sections: the lawn mowers with yellow tanks rested silently to the right of the diesel fuel, formerly red now faded orange, the lawn mowers were alert to the left, oil drums worn and punctured, bells jingled when the wind was right. Bicycles were sporadically in the parking lot. . In the middle of it all was the office, a faded steel roof held up by cheap two-by-four trucks and zebra paneling. Billy Ra You stayed at home, usually five blocks east of town on Kennel Road.
performing essaysCompare, examine and discuss problems. Although they have a storytelling element, their purpose is greater than that. It always serves to explain an integral concept to the reader. As such, they inform, describe and explain.
When writing an explanatory essay, the text must:
- be short and easy to understand
- offer different perspectives on a topic
- report a situation or event
- Explain something that may be difficult to understand
Ready to dive deep into a specific topic? Here are three snippets showing how this is done.
“This family fell victim to a problem they could have avoided — a problem that Florida rangers say hundreds of visitors suffer each year. "Several times a month," said O'Leno State Park ranger Rod Torres, "people get scared and leave the park in the middle of the night." These people chose the wrong type of park to visit. Not that there was anything wrong with the park: the hikers who camped next to them loved its wild seclusion. But it just wasn't the kind of place the New Jersey couple had in mind when they decided to camp on this Florida trip."
This example of an explanatory essay bythoughtful learningrelies heavily on facts and statistics to explain the important concept of cheating.
“Did you know that 7 out of 10 students cheated at least once last year? Did you know that 50% of these students have cheated more than 2 times? Teachers may even encourage their students to cheat! Last year at a Detroit school, teachers reportedly gave their students answers on standard state tests.
ÖUniversity of Victoriauses this essay sample to demonstrate the importance of simple clarity in an explanatory essay.
“Throughout history and across cultures, women have altered their appearance to conform to an ideal of beauty. Ancient Chinese aristocrats tied their feet as a sign of femininity; American and European women in the 19th century contracted their waists with so much force, some suffered internal damage, in some African cultures women continue to wear plates on their lower lip and constantly stretch the skin to create larger plates, which in the 1930s and 1950s were the measure of beauty. Today's standards emphasize a slim, lean, toned look that exudes fitness, youth, and health. Psychologist Eva Szekely says, "To be attractive right now... clearly means to be thin. In North America today, being slim is a prerequisite for being perceived as healthy by others and by yourself.” However, this relentless pursuit of slimness isn't just an example of women trying to be their best, it's also a struggle for control , acceptance and success .
on oneargumentative essay, the author attempts to persuade the reader by demonstrating the validity or falsity of a subject. They support their position with evidence, including statistics or expert opinion. In these essays, the author not only offers an opinion, but argues for or against something and supports that argument with data.
Forwrite an argumentative essay, it is important to research and verify what you say in the text. You can also use argumentative writingpersuasive writingthat uses emotional language and aims to persuade the reader.
When it's time to make your point and present a compelling argument, let these excerpts guide you.
"Gun control has been a contentious issue for years. The vast majority of citizens believe that strict enforcement of gun control will rapidly reduce the threat of crime. Many innocent people feel they have a right to bear arms for protection, or even for the joy of hunting. These people are being punished for protecting their lives or even engaging in a common and innocent sport. Enforcing gun control nationwide is a violation of a person's constitutional rights. Although some people feel that that Gun control issue will limit crime should the problem not exist due to the fact that guns are necessary for self-defense against crime and the imposition of gun controls is a violation of citizens' right to bear arms under the amendment.
An argumentative essay byUniversity of Bogazicioffers a bit of dramatic flair, which is important for a strong argument.
“Throw out the bottles and boxes of medicines in your house. A new theory suggests that drugs can be harmful to your health, which should at least be good news for people who can't afford expensive drugs. It is a blow to the medical industry, however, and an even bigger blow to our faith in the advancement of science. This new theory argues that healing is within reach: we can be healthy by doing Reiki regularly."
sample for exampledelves deep into an argument touting the benefits of online gaming.
“Online games are not only fun, they are a unique way to meet other people. As millions of gamers demonstrate, online gaming is about friendship and cooperation, not just monster slaying. These games are a viable social network as players focus on teamwork. form groups of like-minded people and have romantic relationships with other players Massive multiplayer online games (MMOGs) feature millions of players interacting in the same environment Games are social in nature, as they allow players to team up and complete missions based on a story, or test your skills by fighting each other. At the beginning of the game, the user creates a fictional character and customizes his appearance. Since many games involve combat, players also equip their characters with armor and weapons and choose their 'profession'. Many popular game titles such as World of Warcraft and Everquest follow a fantasy theme, hence most professions have magical abilities such as healing other players or raising undead minions. While the process sounds simple, players can spend hours agonizing over the perfect look for their character, from the color of their armor to the types of abilities they can use in combat. After creating their character, the player can explore the vast digital world and interact with other players. However, for game content, they have to pay an average of $15 per month. MMOG users are predominantly male - typically between the ages of 18 and 34 - although titles like World of Warcraft also have a healthy female player population. With millions of players, there are many people to adventure with."
Sometimes writers just want to offer facts and information (information letters). Other times they try to turn the tide of people's belief systems (argumentative writing). You can use these writing techniques to write many different types of essays.
English authorEdward Bulwer-Lyttonhe was not joking when he said, "The pen is mightier than the sword." With the right words and well-developed reasoning, you too can shape the perception of other people.